Mayan sacred calendar or tzolkin is the doorway into the mind of a very advanced civilization in the Western world before the arrival of the Europeans. The experts believe, the ancient Maya astronomy is a stunning intellectual achievement, equivalent to the geometry of the Ancient Egyptian and Greek philosophy.
Many people believe, 2,000-year-old calendar was more accurate than the Gregorian calendar used since 1582.
Ancient Mayans lived in the early first millennium AD in the Mesoamerican region, which stretches from northern Mexico to Honduras, in the northern Yucatan Peninsula. Population totaled 5 million to 14 million people, live in cities now known as southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize.
In The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness (2004), Carl Johan Calleman PhD writes, in addition to the high culture of art and architecture found in regions of the pyramid, such as Palenque, Tikal, Copán, and Chitchén Itza, the ancient Mayans is known for his ability in the sciences of astronomy and mathematics. This is the first nation to use the number zero (0).
Ancient Mayans were obsessed with time. By Lawrence E Joseph in Apocalypse 2012 (2007), they create at least 20 calendar, customized with a variety of cycles, ranging from pregnancy until the harvest moon to Venus. Very accurate calculation of their orbits by a margin of only one day every 1,000 years.
The ruins of their cities, according to Jared Diamond in Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive (2005), recently discovered in 1839 by legal experts from the United States, John Stephens, along with a British draftsman, Frederick Catherwood. Exploration found 44 cities and places.
Most importantly for the ancient Maya is the cosmic ethos. Peace means harmony with the attitude of perpetual motion of the universe. Due to fixed on cycle, they are not aware of the changes around them.
This may explain the collapse of the nation. Although there are those who believe in moksha, methodologically Jared Diamond explains, the cause is the destruction of environmental support for farming and forest clearing in excess, as well as a very high population growth.
That view is confirmed Aeronautics and Space Administration study the United States (NASA) who found pollen trapped in the 1,200-year-old sediment near-collapse of Maya civilization in the area around Tikal. That's a sign of massive deforestation: trees disappear, live grass.
Another cause is the ongoing war for power and natural resources. Less than a century, the population was reduced 80-90 percent. According to Diamond, the attention of the leaders when it seems to focus on short-term problems. They are greedy, power mad, and oppressive.
However, it does not nullify the dramatic collapse of the Mayan ancient wisdom, especially about the predictions of disaster that has not been unchallenged. Spanish invasion of Rome in 1519 on the orders have predicted with the help of the stars in the sky.
Prophecy to save the ancient texts, which still kept the elders in the interior, among the thousands of text invaders burned and four books about the Mayan Calendar which was later found in Europe.
Maya civilization is recorded from the year 300 AD to 900 AD has a remarkable ability to astronomy. Their calendar year starting from 3114 BC marks the 394-year period known as Baktun. Number 13 is considered sacred by the tribe and the 13th Baktun ends around December 21, 2012.
Additionally in 3114 BC is also considered an accurate year. Because, on August 13, 3113 BCE (BC) is said to be precise and accurate as the beginning of human civilization on earth. Because I thought the Egyptian dynasty recorded in approximately 3100 BC, and the first city, Uruk, in Mesopotamia, also stood around the year 3100 BC. This figure is also in conjunction with the establishment of royal Hindu Kali Yuga.
And most interesting is, the division of time into 24 hours of every 60 minutes and each minute into 60 seconds, including one full circle is 360 degrees, also found to be approximately 3100 BC, in Sumeria.
David Stuart, a specialist in Mayan epigraphy at the University of Texas said, "On December 21, 2012 is a reminder of special creation. Mayans never said the world would end at that time. They also do not say bad things or disasters that might happen on that day . They only recorded six memorial monument.
Now the Mayan calendar predicted the world events on 21/12/2012