Jaipongan is a genre of dance that was born from the creativity of an artist from Bandung, Gugum Gumbira. His attention to folk art tilu Tap one of them is making Treasury know and know very well the patterns of dance traditions that exist in Kliningan / Bajidoran or Tap tilu. Opening movements, pencugan, and several kinds of motion nibakeun mincid of some art above has enough inspiration to develop a dance or art that is now known as Jaipongan.
Prior to this emerging form of performance art, there are some influences behind this form of social dance. In West Java, for example, is the influence of social dance Ball Room, which is usually in the social dances of the show was not free from the presence ronggeng and pamogoran. Ronggeng in social dance is no longer working for the ceremony, but for entertainment or a way of hanging out. Ronggeng existence in the performing arts has an appeal that invites sympathy for the pamogoran. For example in tilu Tap dance is so well known by the Sundanese, estimated this art popular around the year 1916. As a folk art performances, art is only supported by simple elements, such as waditra which includes fiddle, drums, two kulanter, three percussion, and gong. Similarly, the dance movements that do not have a standard pattern of motion, a simple dancer costume as a reflection of democracy.
Along with the waning of the above types of art, a former pamogoran (audience participation in the performing arts Tap tilu / Doger / Tayub) turned his attention to performing arts Kliningan, which in the north coast of West Java (Karachi, Jakarta, Purwakarta, Indramayu, and Subang ) known as a pattern Kliningan Bajidoran dance performances and events have in common with the previous art (Tap tilu / Doger / Tayub). In the meantime, the existence of the mask dances Banjet quite popular, especially in Karachi, where some of the motion pattern of dances Bajidoran taken in this Banjet mask. In koreografis dance was still reveal the patterns of tradition (Tap tilu) that contains elements of the motions of opening, pencugan, and some range of motion nibakeun mincid which in turn became the basis of the creation of dance Jaipongan. Some of the basic movements of dance Jaipongan apart from Tap tilu, Ibing Bajidor and Mask Banjet is Tayuban and Pencak Silat.
The emergence of dance works Gugum Gumbira was originally called Tap tilu development, which is due to basic dance is the development of Tap tilu. The first work is still very strong Gugum Gumbira ibing Tap tilu colors, both in terms of choreography and iringannya, which later became popular dances as Jaipongan.
Jaipongan works first began to be known by the public is dancing "leaves Pulus Keser Bojong" and "Rendeng Bojong" both of which type of dance and dance daughter pairs (male and female). From dance came a few names that are reliable Jaipongan dancers like Tati Saleh, Yeti Mamat, Eli Somali, and Dedi Pepen Kurniadi. Early occurrence of the dance had become the talk, the central issue is the movement of the erotic and vulgar. However, exposure of some print media, has become a popular name Gumbira Gugum society, especially after the dance was staged in 1980 Jaipongan TVRI station in central Jakarta. The impact of further increasing the popularity of the frequency of performances, both in television media, as well as a celebration of celebrations organized by the private sector and government.
Jaipongan presence has contributed greatly to the activist art of dance to more actively explore the types of folk dances that were previously less attention. With the advent of dance Jaipongan, used by activists to organize dance courses dance Jaipongan, used also by employers pubs invited guest nights as a decoy, wherein the further development of this kind of business opportunities created by the instigators of dance as an economic empowerment venture with Dancing names or groups in some areas of West Java, for example in Subang with Jaipongan style "kaleran" (north).
Characteristic style Jaipongan kaleran, the fun, erotic, humor, passion, spontaneity, and simplicity (naturally, as it is). This was reflected in the pattern of presentation of dance on the show, there is a given pattern (Ibing pattern) as in art Jaipongan in Bandung, there are also dances that are not patterned (Ibing Saka), for example in art Jaipongan Subang and Falkirk. This term can be found in Jaipongan kaleran style, especially in Subang. In its presentation, this kaleran Jaipongan style, as follows: 1) Tatalu; 2) Develop Gadung; 3) Fruit Kawung Gopar; 4) Opening Dance (Ibing pattern), usually performed by a single dancer or Sinden Tatandakan (sinden attack but can not sing but dance songs sinden / interpreter kawih); 5) Jeblokan and Jabanan, when the show is part of the audience (bajidor) Sawer money (jabanan) as regards the outboard. Jeblokan term is defined as a couple who lived between sinden and the audience (bajidor).
Further developments occur in taahun dance Jaipongan 1980-1990's, where Gugum Gumbira create a dance-like Toka Toka, Setra Sari, Sonteng, Pencug, Heron dazed, procession-the procession leaves Puring, Rawayan, and Dance Kawung Anten. Dances of several dancers appeared reliable Jaipongan include Iceu Effendi, Yumiati Mandiri, Miming Mintarsih, Nani, Erna, Mira Tejaningrum, Ine Dinar, Ega, Nuni, Cepy, Agah, Aa Suryabrata, and Asep.
Today Jaipongan dance should be called as one of identity keseniaan West Java, it is evident in several important events pertaining to guests from foreign countries who come to West Java, it was greeted with a dance performance Jaipongan. Similarly with art missions to foreign countries, always equipped with a dance Jaipongan. Jaipongan dance-arts influenced the other arts in the community of West Java, both in the art of wayang, gamelan, Genjring / flying, Kacapi jaipong, and almost all the performances and the music of the people who collaborated with the modern dangdut Jaipong Pong-Dut into art. Jaipongan has diplopori by Mr. Nur & Leni