Thursday, March 8, 2012

History of Mountain and Rock Climbing in Indonesia

History of Mountain Climbing and Rock Climbing in Indonesia1492
A group of French people under the leadership of Anthoine de Ville to try rock climbing Mont Aiguille (2097 m), Vercors Massif region. Their purpose is not clear, but the clear, until a few decades later, the people who ride down the rock cliffs in the Alps is the chamois hunter, a type of mountain goat. So they climbed up being forced by livelihood, somewhat like the downloaders bird's nest cave in the cliffs of East Kalimantan or Karang Bolong, Central Java.

Yan Carstensz is the first European to see "..... mountains are very high, in some places covered with snow! "in the interior of New Guinea. The snow was very close to the equator. His report could not be trusted in Europe, but was reported not long ago there was also snow in the Andes near the equator.

There are also job-related, Jesuit priests are the first Europeans to traverse the Himalayan Mountains, exactly Mana Pass (pass = saddle / ridge that stretches between two peaks), and the Garhwal region of India to Tibet.

Professor de Saussure seems so in love with Mont Blanc in the French-Italian border, so he offered a large reward to anyone who can find a path to its top, to the scientific investigation of his dreams. Unfortunately no one was interested, especially because scared of dragons are said to mbaurekso atop the highest mountain in Western Europe.

After several failed experiments, peak Mont Blanc (4807 m) within reach of man. They are Dr.Michel-Gabriel Paccard and a mountain guide, Jacques Balmat. The highest peak in the Alps before the climb is Lysjoch (4153 m), in 1778.

Alexander Gardiner across the saddle of the Karakoram to Sinkiang in China's Kashmir region in India.

Experts land surveyor in India managed to determine the height of XV, 8840 meters. Means the highest peak in the world, beat top VIII (Kangchenjunga, 8598 m) that were previously considered to be the highest. Peak XV was then given the name of Everest (Nepal when the original person called Sagarmatha, or Chomolungma said the Tibetans). Later corrected altitude, 8888 meters, and then corrected again to 8848 feet, until now.

Golden Age of the world's first rock climbing in the Alps, was built by Alfred Wills in the ascent to the summit Wetterhom (3708 m), the precursor of mountain climbing as a sport.

Alpine Club is the first stand, in the UK.

Height of K2 (Karakoram stands number 2) measured, 8610 meters, longer shift the position of Kangchenjunga to win three.

Mont Blanc climbing the south wall for the first time through the trajectory of Old Brenva, marking the birth of rock ice (ice climbing). Meanwhile in the middle of the Alps, Edward Whymper and six colleagues managed to reach the peak of the Matterhorn (4474 m) in Switzerland. But the four members of the team, who are bound in a rope, was killed on the way down, when one slipped down and drag the others. This accident put an end to 11 years the Golden Age. Did not stop more than 180 major peaks have been climbed in those days, at least once, and more than half the British people.

WA Coolidge and Wetterhorn Jungfrau Peak climbing in the winter, so the title of Mr. Winter Climbing. In the 1870's this new emerging trend, climbing without a guide, who soon became a measure of pride among climbers.

Clinton Dent led the team that managed to climb the Aiguille du Dru in France, sparking a new trend again, climbing the cliffs are not high but just how steep and difficult.

WW Graham became the first European to visit the Himalayan Mountains with the aim of mountaineering as a sport and adventure. He climbed several lower peaks in the region and Sikkim India Nanda Devi, reportedly even managed to reach the summit Changabang (6864 m).

The first trial up the mountain above 8000 meters altitude, Nanga Parbat (8125 m), by AF Mummery. The English are often called Father of Modern Climbing Mount is lost at an altitude of about 6000 meters.

Dutch cartographer expedition in New Guinea to find the truth Yan Carstensz report, which was made nearly three centuries earlier. Hence its name immortalized in situ.

The first experiment to climb K2, by an expedition from England.

Expedition under Tom Longstaff climbed Trisul (7120 m), 7000's peak of the first. Longstaff was the first to try to use an oxygen tank in the ascent.

Expedition Birds of the British Association of Experts (BPUE) into the marshes south of the Carstensz. In 16 months they lost 16 people dead and 120 sick members.

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