Sunday, April 1, 2012

Types of angklung

Several types of angklung is often encountered include:
         Angklung Kanekes Kanekes in the area. Angklung is used for rice ritual and custom events.
         Angklung dogdog lojor in rural communities or Kasepuhan Pancer Pangawinan South Banten customs union are scattered around the Mist Mountain. Angklung is used for ritual rice
         Angklung Gubrag Cipining residing in the village, district Cigudeg, Bogor. Angklung is already old and used to honor the goddess of rice in the rice planting activities, carrying rice, and put into the barn
         Angklung beds located in the Village Sanding, District Malangbong, Garut
         Beans are located in the Baros, Arjasari, Bandung.
Angklung Kanekes
Angklung Kanekes area (we often call them the Bedouin) are used primarily in connection with the rites of rice, not solely for the entertainment of people. Angklung is used or is sounded when they grow rice in the field for dry rice cultivation (fields). Beating the angklung when there are only growing rice sounded free (dikurulungkeun), especially in Kajeroan (Tangtu; Baduy Jero), and there is a certain rhythm, which is in Kaluaran (Outer Baduy). Nevertheless, it can still be displayed on the outside but still have a rite paddy rules, for example, may only be beaten by the ngubaran pare (treating rice), about three months from the time planted rice. After that, during the next six months all the arts should not be played, and can be played again on the next rice planting season. Closing the angklung performed with a show called musungkeun angklung, which nitipkeun (left, save) angklung after use.

In serving the entertainment, Angklung usually held at full moon and no rain. They play the angklung in the game (the page in the rural area) while singing various songs, among others: monkey Kasarung, Yandu Bibi, Yandu Sala, Ceuk Arileu, Oray-orayan, Dengdang, Yari Gandang, Oyong-Bangkong squash, Kula Agency, Kokoloyoran, Swing, swing, Pileuleuyan, Gandrung Manggu, Rujak Gadung, Mulung Muncang, giler, Ngaranggeong, Aceukna, Marengo, Salak Sadapur, Rangda Ngendong, Celementre, Keupat Reundang, Papacangan, and Culadi Dengdang. The drummers angklung eight people and three drummers drum small size makes the standing position while walking in a circle formation. Meanwhile, the other one ngalage (dance) with certain movements that have the raw but simple. Everything is done only by men. This is in contrast to the Daduy in, they are limited by the customary rules pamali (abstinence; taboo), should not be doing things the excessive pleasures. Art solely for ritual purposes.

The names of angklung in Kanekes of the biggest is: ovarian, ringkung, Dongdong, gossip, engklok, ovarian leutik, torolok, and Roel. Roel which consists of 2 pieces of angklung is held by a. The names of the longest drum are: drum, talingtit, and tap. The use of drum instruments there is a difference, namely in the villages they used drum Kaluaran of 3 pieces. In Kajeroan; Cikeusik village, just use a drum and talingtit, without tap. In Kajeroan, Cibeo village, just use the drum, without talingtit and percussion.

In Kanekes the angklung is a person entitled to make Kajeroan (Tangtu; Baduy Jero). Kajeroan consists of three villages, namely Cibeo, Cikartawana, and Cikeusik. In all three villages are not everyone can make it, only the right to have offspring and are working on in addition to the terms of the ritual. Makers in Cikeusik famous angklung is Amir's father (59), and the father Cikartawana Tarnah. People buy from people Kajeroan Kaluaran in the three villages.

Angklung dogdog lojor
Lojor dogdog art contained in the Kasepuhan Pancer Pangawinan or South Banten customs union scattered around the Mist Mountain (adjacent to Jakarta, Bogor, and the valley). Although this art is called dogdog lojor, the name of one of the instruments in it, but there are also used angklung because the rituals related to rice. Once a year, after harvest the whole community events, or Seren Taun Taun to Deliver on customary village center. Traditional village center as a place of residence kokolot (elders) where they are always moving as directed supernatural.

Tradition of respect for the people of rice is still carried out because they include people who still adhere to old customs. By tradition they claim to be descendants of the officers and soldiers in the palace Pajajaran baresan Pangawinan (soldier armed with a lance). Kasepuhan community has embraced Islam and somewhat open to the influence of modernization, as well as matters of entertainment pleasures can be enjoyed. This attitude also affect the function of art in terms since about the 1970s, dogdog lojor has been progressing, which is used to enliven the circumcision of children, marriage, and other festive events. Instruments used in the art are two pieces dogdog lojor dogdog lojor and 4 pieces of angklung. These four pieces of angklung has a name, the largest so-called bark, then panembal, kingking, and inclok. Each instrument is played by one, so that all six people.

Songs include dogdog lojor Bale Agung, Side Hideung, shaky-shaky Papanganten, Si Kawung stumps, Adulilang, and Adu-complaint. These songs form a rhythmic vocal dogdog and tend remains the angklung.

Angklung Gubrag
Angklung gubrag Cipining there in the village, district Cigudeg, Bogor. Angklung is already old and used to honor the goddess of rice in the activities imple pare (rice), ngunjal pare (transporting rice), and ngadiukeun (put) into leuit (barn).

In the myth angklung gubrag started there was a time when the village Cipining had a bad season.

Angklung Badeng
Badeng is a type of art that emphasizes the angklung musical terms as a primary instrument. Sanding Badeng contained in the Village, District Malangbong, Garut. It used to serve as entertainment for the sake of Islam. But is thought to have been used Badeng of society since long before Islam for events related to rice planting ritual. As a trusted art to preach Badeng developed since Islam spread in the area around the 16th century or 17th. At that time the population Sanding, Arpaen and Nursaen, studied Islamic religion to the kingdom of Demak. After returning from their preaching Demak spread Islam. One of the tools it uses to spread Islam is the art Badeng.
Angklung is used as many as nine, which is 2 Roel angklung, angklung intelligences 1, 4 angklung angklung ovaries and father, two children angklung; 2 dogdog fruit, fruit flies or gembyung 2, and 1 kecrek. Sundanese language text is mixed with Arabic. In development now also used Indonesian language. Contains the text content of Islamic values ​​and good counsels, and according to the needs of the event. In addition to presenting performances of songs, also presented his supernatural powers attractions, such as slicing the body with a sharp weapon.

Badeng songs: Lailahaileloh, Ya'ti, Kasreng, Yautike, Lilimbungan, Solaloh.

Angklung Beans
Beans are a performing arts entertainment, among which there are at Baros (Arjasari, London). In the beginning of beans used at events associated with rice agriculture. But in the present bean is used as an art of entertainment. This is related to the changing view of society that began less heed to the things smelly old beliefs. In the 1940s can be regarded as the end of the ritual functions in respect of rice green beans, because beans have since turned into live entertainment. In line with that of rice storage places too (leuit; barn) started to disappear from people's homes, replaced with sack places more practical, and easy to carry everywhere. Rice are now many direct sale, not stored in the barn. Thus the art of beans that had been used for events ngunjal (carrying rice) is not needed anymore.

Name of the bean associated with an art song texts are well known among the people, namely cis nyengcle beans ... and so on. The text contained in the bean art, so art is called a chickpea.

Instruments used in the arts beans are 2 ovaries angklung, angklung ambrug 2, panempas angklung, angklung pancer 2, 1 angklung enclok. Then 3 pieces dogdog, consisting of 1 talingtit, panembal, and badublag. In its development, then added with tarompet, kecrek, and goong. Angklung barreled salendro beans with song vocals can be barreled madenda or gamelan. Songs include beans: Badud, Beans, Renggong, Senggot, Jalantir, Jangjalik, Ela-ell, Mega Beureum. Now the songs are beans have used the songs of the gamelan, with singers who had boys angklung players, now by a special lady to sing.

Of the several types of bamboo music in West Java (Angklung) above, are a few examples of the art of angklung performances, which consist of: Angklung Beans (Priangan / London), Angklung Badud (East Priangan / Ciamis), Angklung Bungko (Indramayu), Angklung Gubrag (Bogor), Angklung Ciusul (Bantam), Angklung Dog dog lojor (Sukabumi), Angklung Badeng (Malangbong, Garut), and Angklung Angklung Padaeng identical with diatonic scales with the National, which developed since 1938. Angklung is derived from the typical Indonesia Sundanese angklung development. Sundanese angklung who pitched five (salendro or slendro) by Sutigna alias Daeng Etjle Si (1908-1984) changed his tone to Western scales (solmisasi) so that it can play a variety of other songs. Investment results and then taught to school students and played a big orchestra.
Reference source: Department of Culture & Tourism West Java, Bandung.

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