Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Traditional musical instruments Bamboo Flute


Bamboo Flute / Flute Sunda

Bamboo Flute
Almost all parts of Indonesia there is a tool of the Bamboo Flute Music, the most commonly known is a Sundanese Flute music.

Bamboo flute is a musical instrument into a traditional musical instrument of the Pasundan, materials to make this instrument is very simple with only bamboo, but bamboo used is not arbitrary types of bamboo must specify the size and shape.
Although it looks simple flute sunda no mistake harmonization of the sound produced is not inferior to modern brass instrument such as harmonica, recorder, saxophone music simple dll.Alat it looks boring and monotonous when played with a high skill rhythm foster the spirit of regionalism, especially for those people Pasundan

This instrument is a wind instrument made ​​of bamboo Tamiang, a type of bamboo that are thin and small in diameter making it suitable to be distilled, distilled sunda called "flute" used to accompany Kacapi, gamelan and Sundanese gamelan Tembang, the sound is very unique and evoke the soul of the listener, it is because the scale of the flute tone and spirit of the flute player. There are 4 tone scales for flute Sunda:

1. pelog Degung

2. Madenda or Sorog

3. Salendro

4. Mandalungan


There are two factors that affect both the flute tone:

   
1. The position of the finger.
    2. Flow rate of air blown by mouth.

Fingering position changes the resonant wavelength of sound in the flute body. Depending on the distance to the nearest hole to the head of the flute, different notes can be generated. Air flow rate can also change the tone frequency. A note with twice frequency can be produced mostly by blowing air into the flute's head with a hole twice the speed.


In the area of ​​Sunda, a flute is used as

1. One of the main instruments in the flute Kacapi
2. Accompanying gamelan instruments in a gamelan, Tembang Sunda

Flute has two kinds of holes there are 4 holes or 6 holes. A 6 hole flute can play at least three sunda different scales.

1. Pelog Degung: mi na ti la da da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
     nearly correspond to the mi fa sol do [1 '7 5 4 3 1] in the Western diatonic tones.
2. Madenda or Sorog: mi na ti la da da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
     almost similar to the fa mi fa la [4 '3 '1' 7 6 4] in the Western diatonic tones.
3. Salendro: mi na ti la da da [1 2 3 4 5 1],
     almost similar to re-do la sol fa re [2 '1 '6 5 4 2] in the Western diatonic tones
4. Mandalungan: the scale is rarely used


a more modern flute



Examples of the dominant rhythm of flute music
some examples      Suara  Parahyangan        
                                  Dominant  Flute  



Friday, February 17, 2012

Musical traditions of Indonesia

Musical traditions of Indonesia
Almost all of the Indonesia have a special art of traditional music and distinctive. Of uniqueness may seem evident from his playing technique, presentation and form / organologi musical instruments. Traditional art itself has a high spirit of collectivity, so that it can recognize characters and characteristics of the people of Indonesia, namely the famous friendly and courteous.
To learn more about us closer to the traditional music can be categorized into several groups:


1. Musical Instruments Blow.
Flute is a musical instrument made ​​of bamboo wind instrument almost all regions in Indonesia can be found this instrument. Saluang is a wind instrument from West Sumatra, the flute can be found in North Sumatra, Kalimantan. Lembang distilled from the Toraja which has a length of between 40-100 cm by 2 cm diameter.

This instrument is a wind instrument made ​​of bamboo Tamiang, a type of bamboo that are thin and small in 
diameter making it suitable to be distilled, distilled sunda called "flute" used to accompany Kacapi, gamelan and Sundanese gamelan Tembang, the sound is very unique and evoke the soul of the listener, it is because the scale of the flute tone and spirit of the flute player. There are 4 tone scales for flute Sunda:
Suling Bambu


2. Percussion Musical Instruments.

Percussion is the designation for all musical instruments engineering at the game, either by hand or stick. In this case some musical instruments belonging to the Gamelan is a percussion instrument, Kendang, lute, Arumba, Talempong, Sampek and Kolintang, Tambourine, napkin, Jimbe and so forth.

a. Gamelan is a musical instrument made of metal, gamelan from central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, West Java also known as the gamelan and Balinese Gamelan in Bali called. One such device consists of gamelan instruments saron, demung, gong, kenong, slentem, bonang, peking, gender and several other instruments. Besides gamelan have pentatonic melodies / pentatonic.






b. Kendang is a percussion instrument similar to membranes derived from animal skins (goat). Kendang or drum can be found in many parts of Indonesia. In the area of ​​West Java drum has an important role in the dance Jaipong. In Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java and Bali drums are always used in the gamelan good game to accompany dance, wayang and ketoprak. Tifa is a kind of percussion instrument that can be encountered in the area of ​​Papua, Maluku and Nias. Tambourine is a kind of musical instrument usually used in the breath of Islamic art. tambourine can be found almost in some parts of Indonesia.



c. Kecapi  harp musical instrument is a stringed musical instrument from West Java. Organologi Kecapi  harp musical instrument shape is a wooden box lined above strings / strings, wooden boxes are useful as its resonator. Musical instrument resembling a zither harp is from Central Java.

d. Arumba (bamboo strains) originated from West Java. Arumba is a musical instrument made ​​of bamboo played with melodic and rhythmic. Pad the beginning arumba using pentatonic scales, but in its development using diatonic scales.e. Talempong is the art of Minangkabau traditional music. Talempong is a musical tone diatonic (do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si, do).

f. Sampek (sampe / sapek) is a musical instrument resembling a guitar comes from Kalimantan. This instrument is made
​​of wood covered with ornaments / beautiful carvings. Other stringed instruments resembling sampek is Hapetan of Tapanuli area, Jungga of South Sulawesi.g. Kolintang or kulintang came from Minahasa. This instrument has a diatonic scales that all the instrument consists of bass, melodic and rhythmic. Base material made of wood and how to play instruments in time with the use of sticks.

h. Sasando a traditional musical instrument from the island of Timor, NTT. Sasando is a stringed musical instrument that has a unique shape and sound. One type of people who have a wealth of high artistic value. Exact origin of this instrument is of an island called the island of Rote. How to play it by plucking.


3. Stringed Musical Instruments.

Traditional musical instrument that uses a fiddle playing techniques is swiped. Rebab came from West Java, Central Java, Jakarta (Betawi arts). Fiddle made ​​of wood and covered with a thin skin resonatornya, have two strings / strings and has a pentatonic scales. Other traditional musical instruments that have a shape like a resonatornya Ohyan rebab is made ​​from coconut shell. Rebab of this type can be found in Bali, Java and South Kalimantan.
 

Sunday, February 12, 2012

Favorite team is practicing

Take a break from a Amazing place.   If the favorite team is practicing
many people are watching, especially if practiced in public places.
source photo, yahoo news.